Autism refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetative behaviors, language and communication.  According to a report from the Centers for Disease Control in 2018, autism affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United states; 1 in 37 boys and 1 in 151 girls. By the age of 2, a diagnosis by a professional can be considered very reliable. However, there are new diagnostic tools including the non-invasive eye scan that may lead to earlier diagnosis of autism.